Difference between revisions of "Main Page"

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This is the main wiki address, each individual wiki within the main one has an address based on the title of the wiki. For example a Phantasmagorical Studies wiki might have an address like <nowiki>http://phantasmagoricalstudies.wiki.otago.ac.nz</nowiki>
 
This is the main wiki address, each individual wiki within the main one has an address based on the title of the wiki. For example a Phantasmagorical Studies wiki might have an address like <nowiki>http://phantasmagoricalstudies.wiki.otago.ac.nz</nowiki>
 
'''Consult the [http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Help:Contents User's Guide] for detailed information on using the wiki software.'''
 
  
 
== How to apply for a University of Otago Wiki ==
 
== How to apply for a University of Otago Wiki ==
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If you need help with your wiki, or applying for a wiki feel free to contact the [http://www.otago.ac.nz/its/about/contact.html  ITS HelpDesk].  [http://www.otago.ac.nz/its/training/  Training] is also available with seperate courses for wiki editors and administrators.
 
If you need help with your wiki, or applying for a wiki feel free to contact the [http://www.otago.ac.nz/its/about/contact.html  ITS HelpDesk].  [http://www.otago.ac.nz/its/training/  Training] is also available with seperate courses for wiki editors and administrators.
  
==Starting a new page==
+
== Using your Wiki ==
 
+
===Using Wikilinks===
+
MediaWiki makes it very easy to link wiki pages together using a standard syntax.
+
 
+
<code><nowiki>[[PageName|Link text]]</nowiki></code>creates a link to a page called PageName, with the clickble text <span style="color: #ba0000">Link Text</span>.
+
 
+
If you (or anyone else) creates a link to an article that doesn't exist yet, the link will be coloured red, <span style="color: #ba0000">like this</span>.
+
 
+
Clicking a red link, will take you to the edit page for the new article.  Simply type your text, click save and the new page will be created.
+
 
+
Once the page has been created, the link will change from <span style="color: #ba0000">red</span> to <span style="color: #002bb8;">blue</span> (<span style="color: #5a3696;">purple</span> for pages you've visited) indicating that the article now exists.
+
 
+
===Using the URL in the Address Bar===
+
You can use the wiki's URL for creating a new page. The URL to an article of the wiki is usually something like this:
+
*<code><nowiki>http://www.my-wiki.org/index.php/</nowiki>'''ARTICLE'''</code> &nbsp;&nbsp; or
+
*<code><nowiki>http://www.my-wiki.org/wiki/</nowiki>'''ARTICLE'''</code>
+
 
+
If you replace <code>'''ARTICLE'''</code> with the name of the page you wish to create, you will be taken to a blank page which indicates that no article of that name exists yet.  Clicking the "''edit''" link at the top of the page will take you to the edit page for that article, where you can create the new page by typing your text, and clicking submit.
+
 
+
 
+
== Basic text formatting ==
+
 
+
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
+
!width="1000"|What it looks like
+
!width="500"|What you type
+
|-
+
|
+
You can ''italicize text'' by putting 2
+
apostrophes on each side.
+
 
+
3 apostrophes will bold '''the text'''.
+
 
+
5 apostrophes will bold and italicize
+
'''''the text'''''.
+
 
+
(Using 4 apostrophes doesn't do anything special -- <br> there are just '''' left over ones'''' that are included as part of the text.)
+
|<pre>
+
You can ''italicize text'' by putting 2
+
apostrophes on each side.
+
 
+
3 apostrophes will bold '''the text'''.
+
 
+
5 apostrophes will bold and italicize
+
'''''the text'''''.
+
 
+
(Using 4 apostrophes doesn't do anything
+
special -- <br> there are just '''' left
+
over ones'''' that are included as part of the text.)
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
A single [[w:newline|newline]]
+
generally has no effect on the layout.
+
These can be used to separate
+
sentences within a paragraph.
+
Some editors find that this aids editing
+
and improves the ''diff'' function
+
(used internally to compare
+
different versions of a page).
+
 
+
But an empty line
+
starts a new paragraph.
+
 
+
When used in a list, a newline ''does'' affect the layout ([[#lists|see below]]).
+
|<pre>
+
A single [[w:newline|]]
+
generally has no effect on the layout.
+
These can be used to separate
+
sentences within a paragraph.
+
Some editors find that this aids editing
+
and improves the ''diff'' function
+
(used internally to compare
+
different versions of a page).
+
 
+
But an empty line
+
starts a new paragraph.
+
 
+
When used in a list, a newline ''does''
+
affect the layout ([[#lists|see below]]).
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
You can break lines<br>
+
without a new paragraph.<br>
+
Please use this sparingly.
+
 
+
Please do not start a [[link]] or ''italics'' or '''bold''' on one line and close it on the next.
+
|<pre>
+
You can break lines<br>
+
without a new paragraph.<br>
+
Please use this sparingly.
+
 
+
Please do not start a [[link]] or
+
''italics'' or '''bold''' on one line
+
and close it on the next.
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
You should "sign" your comments on talk pages: <br>
+
- Three tildes gives your signature: [[User:Karl Wick|Karl Wick]] <br>
+
- Four tildes give your signature plus date/time: [[User:Karl Wick|Karl Wick]] 07:46, 27 November 2005 (UTC) <br>
+
- Five tildes gives the date/time alone: 07:46, 27 November 2005 (UTC) <br>
+
|<pre>
+
You should "sign" your comments
+
on talk pages: <br>
+
- Three tildes gives your
+
signature: ~~~ <br>
+
- Four tildes give your
+
signature plus date/time: ~~~~ <br>
+
- Five tildes gives the
+
date/time alone: ~~~~~ <br>
+
</pre>
+
|}
+
 
+
=== HTML tags ===
+
You can use some '''HTML tags''' too.  For a list of HTML tags that are allowed, see [[Help:HTML in wikitext|HTML in wikitext]]. However, you should avoid HTML in favor of Wiki markup whenever possible.
+
 
+
 
+
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
+
!width="1000"|What it looks like
+
!width="500"|What you type
+
|-
+
|
+
Put text in a <tt>typewriter
+
font</tt>. The same font is
+
generally used for <code>
+
computer code</code>.
+
|<pre>
+
Put text in a <tt>typewriter
+
font</tt>. The same font is
+
generally used for <code>
+
computer code</code>.
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
<strike>Strike out</strike>
+
or <u>underline</u> text,
+
or write it <span style=
+
"font-variant:small-caps">
+
in small caps</span>.
+
|<pre>
+
<strike>Strike out</strike>
+
or <u>underline</u> text,
+
or write it <span style=
+
"font-variant:small-caps">
+
in small caps</span>.
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
Superscripts and subscripts:
+
X<sup>2</sup>, H<sub>2</sub>O
+
|<pre>
+
Superscripts and subscripts:
+
X<sup>2</sup>, H<sub>2</sub>O
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
<center>Centered text</center>
+
* Please note the American spelling of "center".
+
|<pre>
+
<center>Centered text</center>
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
<blockquote>
+
The '''blockquote''' command will indent
+
both margins when needed instead of the
+
left margin only as the colon does. 
+
</blockquote>
+
|<pre>
+
<blockquote>
+
The '''blockquote''' command will indent
+
both margins when needed instead of the
+
left margin only as the colon does. 
+
</blockquote>
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
Invisible comments to editors (&lt;!-- --&gt;)
+
only appear while editing the page.
+
<!-- Note to editors: blah blah blah. -->
+
 
+
* If you wish to make comments to the public, you should usually use the [[talk page]].
+
|<pre>
+
Invisible comments to editors (&amp;lt;!-- --&amp;gt;)
+
only appear while editing the page.
+
<!-- Note to editors: blah blah blah. -->
+
</pre>
+
|}
+
 
+
=== Organizing your writing ===
+
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
+
!width="1000"|What it looks like
+
!width="500"|What you type
+
|-
+
|
+
<div style="font-size:150%;border-bottom:1px solid #000000;">Section headings</div>
+
 
+
''Headings'' organize your writing into
+
sections. The Wiki software can automatically
+
generate a [[Help:table of contents|table of contents]] from them.
+
 
+
<div style="font-size:132%;font-weight:bold;">Subsection</div>
+
Using more equals signs creates a subsection.
+
 
+
<div style="font-size:116%;font-weight:bold;">A smaller subsection</div>
+
 
+
Don't skip levels, like from two to four equals signs.
+
 
+
Start with 2 equals signs not 1 because 1 creates H1 tags which should be reserved for page title.
+
|<pre>
+
== Section headings ==
+
 
+
''Headings'' organize your writing into
+
sections. The Wiki software can automatically
+
generate a table of contents from them.
+
 
+
=== Subsection ===
+
 
+
Using more equals signs creates a subsection.
+
 
+
==== A smaller subsection ====
+
 
+
Don't skip levels,
+
like from two to four equals signs.
+
 
+
Start with 2 equals signs not 1
+
because 1 creates H1 tags
+
which should be reserved for page title.
+
</pre>
+
|- id="lists"
+
|
+
* ''Unordered [[Help:List|list]]s'' are easy to do:
+
** Start every line with a star.
+
*** More stars indicate a deeper level.
+
*: Previous item continues.
+
** A newline
+
* in a list 
+
marks the end of the list.
+
*Of course you can start again.
+
|<pre>
+
* ''Unordered lists'' are easy to do:
+
** Start every line with a star.
+
*** More stars indicate a deeper level.
+
*: Previous item continues.
+
** A newline
+
* in a list 
+
marks the end of the list.
+
* Of course you can start again.
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
# ''Numbered lists'' are:
+
## Very organized
+
## Easy to follow
+
A newline marks the end of the list.
+
# New numbering starts with 1.
+
 
+
|<pre>
+
# ''Numbered lists'' are:
+
## Very organized
+
## Easy to follow
+
A newline marks the end of the list.
+
# New numbering starts with 1.
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
Here's a ''definition list'':
+
; Word : Definition of the word
+
; A longer phrase needing definition
+
: Phrase defined
+
; A word : Which has a definition
+
: Also a second one
+
: And even a third
+
 
+
Begin with a semicolon. One item per line;
+
a newline can appear before the colon, but
+
using a space before the colon improves
+
parsing.
+
|<pre>
+
Here's a ''definition list'':
+
; Word : Definition of the word
+
; A longer phrase needing definition
+
: Phrase defined
+
; A word : Which has a definition
+
: Also a second one
+
: And even a third
+
 
+
Begin with a semicolon. One item per line;
+
a newline can appear before the colon, but
+
using a space before the colon improves
+
parsing.
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
* You can even do mixed lists
+
*# and nest them
+
*# inside each other
+
*#* or break lines<br>in lists.
+
*#; definition lists
+
*#: can be
+
*#:; nested : too
+
|<pre>
+
* You can even do mixed lists
+
*# and nest them
+
*# inside each other
+
*#* or break lines<br>in lists.
+
*#; definition lists
+
*#: can be
+
*#:; nested : too
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
: A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.
+
A newline starts a new paragraph. <br>
+
Often used for discussion on [[talk pages]].
+
: We use 1 colon to indent once.
+
:: We use 2 colons to indent twice.
+
::: 3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.
+
|<pre>
+
: A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.
+
A newline starts a new paragraph. <br>
+
Often used for discussion on talk pages.
+
: We use 1 colon to indent once.
+
:: We use 2 colons to indent twice.
+
::: 3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
You can make [[w:horizontal dividing line|horizontal dividing line]]s (----)
+
to separate text.
+
----
+
But you should usually use sections instead,
+
so that they go in the table of contents.
+
|<pre>
+
You can make horizontal dividing lines (----)
+
to separate text.
+
----
+
But you should usually use sections instead,
+
so that they go in the table of contents.
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
You can add footnotes to sentences using the ''ref'' tag -- this is especially good for citing a source.
+
 
+
:There are over six billion people in the world.<ref>CIA World Factbook, 2006.</ref>
+
 
+
References: <references/>
+
 
+
For details, see [[Wikipedia:Footnotes]] and [[Help:Footnotes]].
+
|
+
<pre><nowiki>
+
You can add footnotes to sentences using
+
the ''ref'' tag -- this is especially good
+
for citing a source.
+
 
+
:There are over six billion people in the
+
world.<ref>CIA World Factbook, 2006.</ref>
+
 
+
References: <references/>
+
 
+
For details, see [[Wikipedia:Footnotes]]
+
and [[Help:Footnotes]].
+
</nowiki></pre>
+
|}
+
 
+
=== Links ===
+
 
+
You will often want to make clickable ''links'' to other pages.
+
 
+
{|width="100%"  border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"
+
|-
+
!What it looks like
+
!What you type
+
|-
+
|
+
Here's a link to a page named [[Official position]].
+
You can even say [[Official position]]s
+
and the link will show up correctly.
+
|<pre>
+
Here's a link to a page named [[Official position]].
+
You can even say [[Official position]]s
+
and the link will show up correctly.
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
You can put formatting around a link.
+
Example: ''[[Wikipedia]]''.
+
|<pre>
+
You can put formatting around a link.
+
Example: ''[[Wikipedia]]''.
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
The ''first letter'' of articles is automatically
+
capitalized, so [[wikipedia]] goes to the same place
+
as [[Wikipedia]]. Capitalization matters after the
+
first letter.
+
|<pre>
+
The ''first letter'' of articles is automatically
+
capitalized, so [[wikipedia]] goes to the same place
+
as [[Wikipedia]]. Capitalization matters after the
+
first letter.
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
[[The weather in Moscow]] is a page that doesn't exist
+
yet. You could create it by clicking on the link.
+
|<pre>
+
[[The weather in Moscow]] is a page that doesn't exist
+
yet. You could create it by clicking on the link.
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
You can link to a page section by its title:
+
 
+
*[[List of cities by country#Morocco]].
+
 
+
If multiple sections have the same title, add
+
a number. [[#Example section 3]] goes to the
+
third section named "Example section".
+
|<pre>
+
You can link to a page section by its title:
+
 
+
*[[List of cities by country#Morocco]].
+
 
+
If multiple sections have the same title, add
+
a number. [[#Example section 3]] goes to the
+
third section named "Example section".
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
You can make a link point to a different place
+
with a [[Help:Piped link|piped link]]. Put the link
+
target first, then the pipe character "|", then
+
the link text.
+
 
+
*[[Help:Link|About Links]]
+
*[[List of cities by country#Morocco|
+
Cities in Morocco]]
+
 
+
Or you can use the "pipe trick" so that text in
+
brackets does not appear.
+
 
+
*[[Spinning (textiles)|Spinning]]
+
|<pre>
+
You can make a link point to a different place
+
with a [[Help:Piped link|piped link]]. Put the link
+
target first, then the pipe character "|", then
+
the link text.
+
 
+
*[[Help:Link|About Links]]
+
*[[List of cities by country#Morocco|
+
Cities in Morocco]]
+
 
+
Or you can use the "pipe trick" so that text in
+
brackets does not appear.
+
 
+
*[[Spinning (textiles)|]]
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
You can make an external link just by typing a URL:
+
http://www.nupedia.com
+
 
+
You can give it a title:
+
[http://www.nupedia.com Nupedia]
+
 
+
Or leave the title blank:
+
[http://www.nupedia.com]
+
|
+
<pre>
+
You can make an external link just by typing a URL:
+
http://www.nupedia.com
+
 
+
You can give it a title:
+
[http://www.nupedia.com Nupedia]
+
 
+
Or leave the title blank:
+
[http://www.nupedia.com]
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
Linking to an e-mail address works the same way:
+
mailto:someone@domain.com or
+
[mailto:someone@domain.com someone]
+
|
+
<pre>
+
Linking to an e-mail address works the same way:
+
mailto:someone@domain.com or
+
[mailto:someone@domain.com someone]
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
You can [[Help:Redirect|redirect]] the user to another page.
+
|<pre>
+
#REDIRECT [[Official position]]
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
[[Help:Category|Category links]] do not show up in line
+
but instead at page bottom ''and cause the page to be
+
listed in the category.''
+
[[Category:English documentation]]
+
 
+
Add an extra colon to ''link'' to a category in line
+
without causing the page to be listed in the category:
+
[[:Category:English documentation]]
+
|<pre>
+
[[Help:Category|Category links]] do not show up in line
+
but instead at page bottom ''and cause the page to be
+
listed in the category.''
+
[[Category:English documentation]]
+
 
+
Add an extra colon to ''link'' to a category in line
+
without causing the page to be listed in the category:
+
[[:Category:English documentation]]
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
The Wiki reformats linked dates to match the reader's
+
date preferences. These three dates will show up the
+
same if you choose a format in your
+
[[Special:Preferences|Preferences]]:
+
* [[July 20]], [[1969]]
+
* [[20 July]] [[1969]]
+
* [[1969]]-[[07-20]]
+
|<pre>
+
The Wiki reformats linked dates to match the reader's
+
date preferences. These three dates will show up the
+
same if you choose a format in your
+
[[Special:Preferences|]]:
+
* [[July 20]], [[1969]]
+
* [[20 July]] [[1969]]
+
* [[1969]]-[[07-20]]
+
</pre>
+
|}
+
 
+
===Just show what I typed===
+
 
+
:''See also [[Help:Wiki markup examples#Just show what I typed]].
+
 
+
A few different kinds of formatting will tell the Wiki to display things as you typed them.
+
 
+
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
+
!width="1000"|What it looks like
+
!width="500"|What you type
+
|-
+
|
+
<nowiki>
+
The nowiki tag ignores
+
[[Wiki]] ''markup''.
+
It reformats text by
+
removing
+
newlines    and multiple
+
spaces.
+
It still interprets special
+
characters: &rarr;
+
</nowiki>
+
|<pre>
+
&lt;nowiki&gt;
+
The nowiki tag ignores
+
[[Wiki]] ''markup''.
+
It reformats text by
+
removing
+
newlines    and multiple
+
spaces.
+
It still interprets special
+
characters: &amp;rarr;
+
&lt;/nowiki&gt;
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
<pre>
+
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]]
+
''markup''.
+
It also doesn't    reformat
+
text.
+
It still interprets special
+
characters: &rarr;
+
</pre>
+
|<pre>
+
&lt;pre&gt;
+
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]]
+
''markup''.
+
It also doesn't    reformat
+
text.
+
It still interprets special
+
characters: &amp;rarr;
+
&lt;/pre&gt;
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting.
+
 
+
Putting a space at the
+
beginning of each
+
line stops the text 
+
from being
+
reformatted.  It still
+
interprets [[Wiki]]
+
''markup'' and special
+
characters: &rarr;
+
|<pre>
+
Leading spaces are another way
+
to preserve formatting.
+
 
+
Putting a space at the
+
beginning of each
+
line stops the text 
+
from being
+
reformatted.  It still
+
interprets [[Wiki]]
+
''markup'' and special
+
characters: &amp;rarr;
+
</pre>
+
|}
+
 
+
===Images, tables, video, and sounds===
+
 
+
After uploading, just enter the filename, highlight it and press the "embedded image"-button of the edit_toolbar.
+
 
+
This will produce the sytax for uploading a file '''<nowiki>[[Image:filename.png]]</nowiki>'''
+
 
+
This is a very quick introduction. For more information, see:
+
* [[Help:Images and other uploaded files]] for how to upload files
+
* [[w:en:Wikipedia:Extended image syntax]] for how to arrange images on the page
+
* [[Help:Table]] for how to create a table
+
 
+
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
+
!width="1000"|What it looks like
+
!width="500"|What you type
+
|-
+
|
+
A picture, including alternate text:
+
 
+
[[Image:Wiki.png|This Wiki's logo]]
+
 
+
You can put the image in a frame with a caption:
+
[[Image:Wiki.png|frame|This Wiki's logo]]
+
|<pre>
+
A picture, including alternate text:
+
 
+
[[Image:Wiki.png|This Wiki's logo]]
+
 
+
The image in a frame with a caption:
+
[[Image:Wiki.png|frame|This Wiki's logo]]
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
A link to Wikipedia's page for the image:
+
[[:Image:Wiki.png]]
+
 
+
Or a link directly to the image itself:
+
[[Media:Wiki.png]]
+
|<pre>
+
A link to Wikipedia's page for the image:
+
[[:Image:Wiki.png]]
+
 
+
Or a link directly to the image itself:
+
[[Media:Wiki.png]]
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
Use '''media:''' links to link
+
directly to sounds or videos:
+
[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|A sound file]]
+
|<pre>
+
Use '''media:''' links to link
+
directly to sounds or videos:
+
[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|A sound file]]
+
</pre>
+
|-
+
|
+
{| border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" align="center"
+
! This
+
! is
+
|-
+
| a
+
| table
+
|-
+
|}
+
|<pre>
+
{| border="1" cellspacing="0"
+
cellpadding="5" align="center"
+
! This
+
! is
+
|-
+
| a
+
| table
+
|-
+
|}
+
 
+
</pre>
+
|}
+
  
=== Mathematical formulas ===
+
A guide to using your wiki is available [[WikiUsage|here]].
You can format mathematical formulas with [[w:TeX|TeX]] markup. See [[Help:Formula]].
+
  
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
+
'''Consult the [http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Help:Contents User's Guide] for more detailed information on using the wiki software.'''
!width="1000"|What it looks like
+
!width="500"|What you type
+
|-
+
|
+
<math>\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}</math>
+
|<pre><nowiki>
+
<math>\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}</math>
+
</nowiki></pre>
+
|}
+

Revision as of 11:07, 12 October 2006

Welcome to the University of Otago Wiki Service

This is the main wiki address, each individual wiki within the main one has an address based on the title of the wiki. For example a Phantasmagorical Studies wiki might have an address like http://phantasmagoricalstudies.wiki.otago.ac.nz

How to apply for a University of Otago Wiki

Please see WikiApplication

How to get help for your wiki

If you need help with your wiki, or applying for a wiki feel free to contact the ITS HelpDesk. Training is also available with seperate courses for wiki editors and administrators.

Using your Wiki

A guide to using your wiki is available here.

Consult the User's Guide for more detailed information on using the wiki software.