# Difference between revisions of "Main Page"

Welcome to the University of Otago Wiki Service

Consult the User's Guide for detailed information on using the wiki software.

## How to get help for your wiki

If you need help with your wiki, or applying for a wiki feel free to contact the ITS HelpDesk. Training is also available with seperate courses for wiki editors and administrators.

## Starting a new page

MediaWiki makes it very easy to link wiki pages together using a standard syntax.

[[PageName|Link text]]creates a link to a page called PageName, with the clickble text Link Text.

If you (or anyone else) creates a link to an article that doesn't exist yet, the link will be coloured red, like this.

Clicking a red link, will take you to the edit page for the new article. Simply type your text, click save and the new page will be created.

Once the page has been created, the link will change from red to blue (purple for pages you've visited) indicating that the article now exists.

### Using the URL in the Address Bar

You can use the wiki's URL for creating a new page. The URL to an article of the wiki is usually something like this:

• http://www.my-wiki.org/index.php/ARTICLE    or
• http://www.my-wiki.org/wiki/ARTICLE

If you replace ARTICLE with the name of the page you wish to create, you will be taken to a blank page which indicates that no article of that name exists yet. Clicking the "edit" link at the top of the page will take you to the edit page for that article, where you can create the new page by typing your text, and clicking submit.

## Basic text formatting

What it looks like What you type

You can italicize text by putting 2 apostrophes on each side.

3 apostrophes will bold the text.

5 apostrophes will bold and italicize the text.

(Using 4 apostrophes doesn't do anything special --
there are just ' left over ones' that are included as part of the text.)

You can ''italicize text'' by putting 2
apostrophes on each side.

3 apostrophes will bold '''the text'''.

5 apostrophes will bold and italicize
'''''the text'''''.

(Using 4 apostrophes doesn't do anything
special -- <br> there are just '''' left
over ones'''' that are included as part of the text.)


A single newline generally has no effect on the layout. These can be used to separate sentences within a paragraph. Some editors find that this aids editing and improves the diff function (used internally to compare different versions of a page).

But an empty line starts a new paragraph.

When used in a list, a newline does affect the layout (see below).

A single [[w:newline|]]
generally has no effect on the layout.
These can be used to separate
sentences within a paragraph.
Some editors find that this aids editing
and improves the ''diff'' function
(used internally to compare
different versions of a page).

But an empty line
starts a new paragraph.

When used in a list, a newline ''does''
affect the layout ([[#lists|see below]]).


You can break lines
without a new paragraph.

Please do not start a link or italics or bold on one line and close it on the next.

You can break lines<br>
without a new paragraph.<br>

''italics'' or '''bold''' on one line
and close it on the next.


- Three tildes gives your signature: Karl Wick
- Four tildes give your signature plus date/time: Karl Wick 07:46, 27 November 2005 (UTC)
- Five tildes gives the date/time alone: 07:46, 27 November 2005 (UTC)

You should "sign" your comments
on talk pages: <br>
- Three tildes gives your
signature: ~~~ <br>
signature plus date/time: ~~~~ <br>
- Five tildes gives the
date/time alone: ~~~~~ <br>


### HTML tags

You can use some HTML tags too. For a list of HTML tags that are allowed, see HTML in wikitext. However, you should avoid HTML in favor of Wiki markup whenever possible.

What it looks like What you type

Put text in a typewriter font. The same font is generally used for  computer code.

Put text in a <tt>typewriter
font</tt>. The same font is
generally used for <code>
computer code</code>.


Strike out or underline text, or write it in small caps.

<strike>Strike out</strike>
or <u>underline</u> text,
or write it <span style=
"font-variant:small-caps">
in small caps</span>.


Superscripts and subscripts: X2, H2O

Superscripts and subscripts:
X<sup>2</sup>, H<sub>2</sub>O

Centered text
• Please note the American spelling of "center".
<center>Centered text</center>

The blockquote command will indent both margins when needed instead of the left margin only as the colon does.
<blockquote>
The '''blockquote''' command will indent
both margins when needed instead of the
left margin only as the colon does.
</blockquote>


Invisible comments to editors (<!-- -->) only appear while editing the page.

• If you wish to make comments to the public, you should usually use the talk page.
Invisible comments to editors (&lt;!-- --&gt;)
only appear while editing the page.
<!-- Note to editors: blah blah blah. -->


What it looks like What you type

Subsection

Using more equals signs creates a subsection.

A smaller subsection

Don't skip levels, like from two to four equals signs.

Start with 2 equals signs not 1 because 1 creates H1 tags which should be reserved for page title.

== Section headings ==

sections. The Wiki software can automatically

=== Subsection ===

Using more equals signs creates a subsection.

==== A smaller subsection ====

Don't skip levels,
like from two to four equals signs.

because 1 creates H1 tags
which should be reserved for page title.

• Unordered lists are easy to do:
• Start every line with a star.
• More stars indicate a deeper level.
Previous item continues.
• A newline
• in a list

marks the end of the list.

• Of course you can start again.
* ''Unordered lists'' are easy to do:
** Start every line with a star.
*** More stars indicate a deeper level.
*: Previous item continues.
** A newline
* in a list
marks the end of the list.
* Of course you can start again.

1. Numbered lists are:
1. Very organized
2. Easy to follow

A newline marks the end of the list.

1. New numbering starts with 1.
# ''Numbered lists'' are:
## Very organized
## Easy to follow
A newline marks the end of the list.
# New numbering starts with 1.


Here's a definition list:

Word
Definition of the word
A longer phrase needing definition
Phrase defined
A word
Which has a definition
Also a second one
And even a third

Begin with a semicolon. One item per line; a newline can appear before the colon, but using a space before the colon improves parsing.

Here's a ''definition list'':
; Word : Definition of the word
; A longer phrase needing definition
: Phrase defined
; A word : Which has a definition
: Also a second one
: And even a third

Begin with a semicolon. One item per line;
a newline can appear before the colon, but
using a space before the colon improves
parsing.

• You can even do mixed lists
1. and nest them
2. inside each other
• or break lines
in lists.
definition lists
can be
nested
too
* You can even do mixed lists
*# and nest them
*# inside each other
*#* or break lines<br>in lists.
*#; definition lists
*#: can be
*#:; nested : too

A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.

A newline starts a new paragraph.
Often used for discussion on talk pages.

We use 1 colon to indent once.
We use 2 colons to indent twice.
3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.
: A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.
A newline starts a new paragraph. <br>
Often used for discussion on talk pages.
: We use 1 colon to indent once.
:: We use 2 colons to indent twice.
::: 3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.


You can make horizontal dividing lines (----) to separate text.

You can make horizontal dividing lines (----)
to separate text.
----
But you should usually use sections instead,


You can add footnotes to sentences using the ref tag -- this is especially good for citing a source.

There are over six billion people in the world.<ref>CIA World Factbook, 2006.</ref>

References: <references/>

For details, see Wikipedia:Footnotes and Help:Footnotes.

You can add footnotes to sentences using
the ''ref'' tag -- this is especially good
for citing a source.

:There are over six billion people in the
world.<ref>CIA World Factbook, 2006.</ref>

References: <references/>

For details, see [[Wikipedia:Footnotes]]
and [[Help:Footnotes]].


You will often want to make clickable links to other pages.

What it looks like What you type

Here's a link to a page named Official position. You can even say Official positions and the link will show up correctly.

Here's a link to a page named [[Official position]].
You can even say [[Official position]]s
and the link will show up correctly.


You can put formatting around a link. Example: Wikipedia.

You can put formatting around a link.
Example: ''[[Wikipedia]]''.


The first letter of articles is automatically capitalized, so wikipedia goes to the same place as Wikipedia. Capitalization matters after the first letter.

The ''first letter'' of articles is automatically
capitalized, so [[wikipedia]] goes to the same place
as [[Wikipedia]]. Capitalization matters after the
first letter.


The weather in Moscow is a page that doesn't exist yet. You could create it by clicking on the link.

[[The weather in Moscow]] is a page that doesn't exist
yet. You could create it by clicking on the link.


You can link to a page section by its title:

If multiple sections have the same title, add a number. #Example section 3 goes to the third section named "Example section".

You can link to a page section by its title:

*[[List of cities by country#Morocco]].

If multiple sections have the same title, add
a number. [[#Example section 3]] goes to the
third section named "Example section".


You can make a link point to a different place with a piped link. Put the link target first, then the pipe character "|", then the link text.

Or you can use the "pipe trick" so that text in brackets does not appear.

You can make a link point to a different place
target first, then the pipe character "|", then

*[[List of cities by country#Morocco|
Cities in Morocco]]

Or you can use the "pipe trick" so that text in
brackets does not appear.

*[[Spinning (textiles)|]]


You can make an external link just by typing a URL: http://www.nupedia.com

You can give it a title: Nupedia

Or leave the title blank: [1]

You can make an external link just by typing a URL:
http://www.nupedia.com

You can give it a title:
[http://www.nupedia.com Nupedia]

Or leave the title blank:
[http://www.nupedia.com]


Linking to an e-mail address works the same way: mailto:someone@domain.com or someone

Linking to an e-mail address works the same way:
mailto:someone@domain.com or
[mailto:someone@domain.com someone]


You can redirect the user to another page.

#REDIRECT [[Official position]]


Category links do not show up in line but instead at page bottom and cause the page to be listed in the category.

Add an extra colon to link to a category in line without causing the page to be listed in the category: Category:English documentation

[[Help:Category|Category links]] do not show up in line
but instead at page bottom ''and cause the page to be
listed in the category.''
[[Category:English documentation]]

without causing the page to be listed in the category:
[[:Category:English documentation]]


The Wiki reformats linked dates to match the reader's date preferences. These three dates will show up the same if you choose a format in your Preferences:

The Wiki reformats linked dates to match the reader's
date preferences. These three dates will show up the
same if you choose a format in your
[[Special:Preferences|]]:
* [[July 20]], [[1969]]
* [[20 July]] [[1969]]
* [[1969]]-[[07-20]]


### Just show what I typed

A few different kinds of formatting will tell the Wiki to display things as you typed them.

What it looks like What you type

The nowiki tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''. It reformats text by removing newlines and multiple spaces. It still interprets special characters: →

<nowiki>
The nowiki tag ignores
[[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It reformats text by
removing
newlines    and multiple
spaces.
It still interprets special
characters: &rarr;
</nowiki>

The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]]
''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat
text.
It still interprets special
characters: →

<pre>
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]]
''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat
text.
It still interprets special
characters: &rarr;
</pre>


Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the
beginning of each
line stops the text
from being
reformatted.  It still
interprets Wiki
markup and special
characters: →

Leading spaces are another way
to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the
beginning of each
line stops the text
from being
reformatted.  It still
interprets [[Wiki]]
''markup'' and special
characters: &rarr;


### Images, tables, video, and sounds

After uploading, just enter the filename, highlight it and press the "embedded image"-button of the edit_toolbar.

What it looks like What you type

A picture, including alternate text:

You can put the image in a frame with a caption:

File:Wiki.png
This Wiki's logo
A picture, including alternate text:

[[Image:Wiki.png|This Wiki's logo]]

The image in a frame with a caption:
[[Image:Wiki.png|frame|This Wiki's logo]]


A link to Wikipedia's page for the image: Image:Wiki.png

Or a link directly to the image itself: Media:Wiki.png

A link to Wikipedia's page for the image:
[[:Image:Wiki.png]]

Or a link directly to the image itself:
[[Media:Wiki.png]]


Use media: links to link directly to sounds or videos: A sound file

Use '''media:''' links to link
directly to sounds or videos:
[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|A sound file]]

This is
a table
{| border="1" cellspacing="0"
! This
! is
|-
| a
| table
|-
|}



### Mathematical formulas

You can format mathematical formulas with TeX markup. See Help:Formula.

What it looks like What you type

$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$

$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$


### Templates

Templates are segments of Wiki markup that are meant to be copied automatically ("transcluded") into a page. You add them by putting the template's name in {{double braces}}.

Some templates take parameters, as well, which you separate with the pipe character.

What it looks like What you type
{{Transclusion demo}}


This template takes two parameters, and creates underlined text with a hover box for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

This template takes two parameters, and